sushi mat (sushi roller, bamboo sushi
roller) is made of many thin sticks of bamboo tied together into a mat.
the sushi mat are much smaller in size, they have the same structure as
portable curtains called a sudare
which are used to crate shades in various areas in old fashioned
The sushi mat gets is name from the
sudare, but is a bit modified, and has multiple terms:
word created from maki and sudare
“ is often used as well.
are many kinds of bamboo mats used
for other Japanese cuisines, but the most widely used mats for sushi
two formats. One has thinner cylindrical bamboo sticks, and is used to
thin sushi rolls (hosomaki). The
type has flat and wider bamboo sticks and is used for thicker sushi
rolls (futomaki). There are no
that refer to each type.
the old days, it was customary for sushi
chefs to weave their own sushi mats so they can adjust the spacing
bamboo sticks according to their preference. There are some shorter
tailored for the thin roll, but the longer one is widely used.